All Slaves in Maryland were freed by the state's Constitution of 1864, and a new chapter was opened in the lives of African Americans.
The fate of many fugitives and former slaves is unknown. Some fugitives settled in the North, and other retuned to Maryland to live near family members or find work. A few, like
Harriet Tubman and Emily and Mary Edmonson, remain well-known today. the stories of fugitive slaves were featured in works such as The Refuge: or Narratives of Fugitive Slaves in Canada by Benjamin Drew and The
Underground Railroad by William Still. These books give personal accounts of the experience of flight, and when combined with
original records, reveal the very human stories that are the key to understanding the Underground Railroad.
Baltimore American and Commercial Advertiser 5 June 1860
Harriet Tubman escaped from Dorchester County in 1849, and returned many times to lead others to freedom. She later became an advocate for abolition and women's rights.