Slaves Fleeing the U.S. South, 1864


The Other category of cases do not actually deal with flight or assisted flight, but more generally with those associated with the broader institution of slavery. People in this category could be guilty "disturbing the peace" in essence, for their possession, circulation, and promotion of so-called "incendiary" literature, or anti-slavery ideas. Such a climate on the ideological level was crucial to validity of codes which saw the actions of those in the other three categories viewed as criminal. One example is that of Samuel Green, who was convicted in 1857 for possession of the "seditious" Uncle Tom's Cabin. At the other extreme, slave owners are also placed in this category.